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Increase minimum recommended modulus size to 2048 bits
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General
Internet Engineering Task Force
draft
The Diffie-Hellman (DH) Group Exchange for the Secure Shell (SSH) Transport layer Protocol specifies that servers and clients should support groups with a modulus length of k bits, where the recommended minumum value is 1024 bits. Recent security research has shown that a minimum value of 1024 bits is insufficient against state-sponsored actors. As such, this document formally updates RFC 4419 such that the minimum recommended value for k is 2048 bits and the group size is 2048 bits at minimum.
RFC4419 specifies a recommended minimum size of 1024 bits for k, which is the modulus length of the DH Group. It also suggests that in all cases, the size of the group needs be at least 1024 bits. This document updates RFC 4419 so that the minimum recommended size be 2048 bits.
The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
"SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119.
Recent research strongly suggests that DH groups that are 1024 bits can be broken by state actors, and possibly an organization with enough computing resources. The authors show how they are able to break 768 bits DH group and extrapolate the attack to 1024 bits DH groups. In their analysis, they show that breaking 1024 bits can be done with enough computing resources. This document updates section 3 Paragraph 9 : Servers and clients SHOULD support groups with a modulus length of k bits where 2048 <= k <= 8192. The recommended minimum values for min and max are 2048 and 8192, respectively. This document also updates Section 3 Paragraph 11: In all cases, ths size of the group SHOULD be at least 2048 bits.
This document discusses security issues of DH groups that are 1024 bits in size, and formally updates the minimum size of DH groups to be 2048 bits.
&RFC2119;
Imperfect Forward Secrecy: How Diffie-Hellman Fails in Practice
Univeristy of Michigan
INRIA Paris-Rocquencourt
Univeristy of Michigan
INRIA Nancy-Grand Est, CNRS, and Université de Lorraine
Johns Hopkins
Univeristy of Michigan
University of Pennsylvania
Univeristy of Michigan
INRIA Nancy-Grand Est, CNRS, and Université de Lorraine
University of Pennsylvania
Univeristy of Michigan
Univeristy of Michigan
Microsoft Research
Univeristy of Michigan
&RFC4419;